French conjugation in past perfect indicative

The past perfect indicative or passé antérieur in french, is a compound tense, which means it has two parts:
  • the auxiliary verb in simple past indicative (either avoir or être)
  • the past participle of the main verb

Grammatical agreement

Like all French compound conjugations, the past perfect indicative may be subject to grammatical agreement:
  • When the auxiliary verb is être, the past participle must agree with the subject, except for reflexive verbs (same rules as conjugation with auxiliary avoir) and invariable past participles.
  • When the auxiliary verb is avoir, the past participle must agree with its direct object when the direct object is placed before the verb.

Auxiliaries conjugation in simple past indicative

Here is the french conjugation of auxiliaries avoir and être in simple past indicative to compose past perfect indicative.
Auxiliary Avoir
j' eus
tu eus
il / elle eut
nous eûmes
vous eûtes
ils / elles eurent
Auxiliary Être
je fus
tu fus
il / elle fut
nous fûmes
vous fûtes
ils / elles furent