French conjugation in pluperfect indicative

The pluperfect indicative or plus-que-parfait de l'indicatif in french, is a compound tense, which means it has two parts:
  • the auxiliary verb in imperfect indicative (either avoir or être)
  • the past participle of the main verb

Grammatical agreement

Like all French compound conjugations, the pluperfect indicative may be subject to grammatical agreement:
  • When the auxiliary verb is être, the past participle must agree with the subject, except for reflexive verbs (same rules as conjugation with auxiliary avoir) and invariable past participles.
  • When the auxiliary verb is avoir, the past participle must agree with its direct object when the direct object is placed before the verb.

Auxiliaries conjugation in imperfect indicative

Here is the french conjugation of auxiliaries avoir and être in imperfect indicative to compose pluperfect indicative.
Auxiliary Avoir
j' avais
tu avais
il / elle avait
nous avions
vous aviez
ils / elles avaient
Auxiliary Être
j' étais
tu étais
il / elle était
nous étions
vous étiez
ils / elles étaient